Sculptured Eagle from Main Committee Hearing Room Ceiling


 Click here for a biography of Willis Hawley (R-OR)


Ways and Means Chairman Willis C. Hawley (R-OR), along with Senate Finance Chairman Reed Smoot of Utah, took the lead in tariff revision as the prosperous 1920s faded into the Great Depression.  They put their names to one of the most controversial measures ever enacted, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930.  The bill raised duties to the highest level in American history.   Other nations retaliated by shutting out U.S. goods.  Smoot-Hawley was the last bill in which Congress set the actual tariff rates.


Click here for a biography