State and Local Governments Have Received Over $765 Billion in Federal Coronavirus Spending
“Congress has already funded over $700 billion to state and local governments, that’s more than we funded our small businesses. And that’s direct aid, state and local government, state unemployment funding, local hospitals, state and local disaster aid, local school funding, state college funding, local mass transit funding, plus we muscled up Medicaid 6% to help them through this crisis,” Rep. Kevin Brady said.
Across all four phases of coronavirus relief legislation, Congress has focused on comprehensive aid to the American people, to small businesses, and to state and local governments and communities. Those efforts include more than $765 billion in coronavirus-related spending supporting state and local governments and communities.
- $260 billion: Unemployment Insurance Funding for the States
- States with an income tax also receive tax revenue from unemployment benefits.
- $150 billion: Coronavirus Relief Fund for State and Local governments
- This fund was specifically set up to provide funding for state and local governments to cover costs incurred due to the public health emergency.
- $175 billion: hospitals and health care providers in local communities
- This money ensures health care providers continue to receive the support they need for COVID-19-related expenses and lost revenue.
- $50 billion: Increased Medicaid Funding (6.2% Increase)
- This increases the federal share of Medicaid payments to more than 50 percent for all states.
- $45 billion: FEMA state and local disaster relief
- This funding supports FEMA’s activities including reimbursements provided to states and localities nationwide by the Disaster Relief Fund for emergency and major disaster declarations.
- This includes $400 million for grants that can be disbursed in a timely manner for firefighters, emergency managers, and providers of emergency food and shelter.
- $30 billion: K-12 and Higher Education Funding
- Creates an Education Stabilization Fund to provide flexible funding that will be dispersed quickly and go directly to states, local school districts, and institutions of higher education to help schools, students, teachers, and families with immediate needs related to coronavirus.
- $25 billion: Mass Transit Funding
- This money goes to transit providers, including states and local governments across the country, for operating and capital expenses. Funding will be distributed using existing FTA formulas.
- $11 billion: States and Localities for Coronavirus Testing
- This money goes directly to states and localities for necessary expenses to develop, purchase, administer, process, and analyze Covid-19 tests.
- $9.3 billion: State and local housing programs through HUD
- This funding includes money for community development block grants to provide communities and states with funding for a wide range of services to groups such as senior citizens, the homeless, and public health services.
- Funding was also included for homeless assistance grants to state and local governments, for Native American programs, and for housing opportunities for people with AIDS.
- $5.4 billion: Programs Supporting Children and Families
- This funding includes money for childcare and development block grants to states for immediate assistance to childcare providers, direct funding to local community-based organizations providing social services, low income home energy assistance programs, and child welfare services grants.
- $2.5 billion: CDC State and Local Preparedness Grants
- Combined across FFCRA ($1 billion) and the CARES Act ($1.5 billion).
- $1.5 billion: Economic development grants for states and communities
- Funding for economic development grants for states and communities suffering economic injury as a result of the coronavirus.
- $850 million: DOJ Grants to State and Local Governments
- This funding supports criminal justice efforts of states and localities including overtime for officers, PPE, and supplies for inmates in jails.
- $400 million: Election Security Grants to the States
- Grants to aid the states in preparation for the 2020 election cycle.
- $345 million: Dislocated Worker National Reserve
- This fund helps states and communities to respond to the workforce impacts and layoffs resulting from the coronavirus.
- $150 million: Grants for State Extended Care Facility Construction
- This funding helps state-run long-term care facilities prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.
- $150 million: Grants for Arts and Humanities
- This includes funding to state arts agencies to help local, state, and regional communities provided continued access to cultural organizations and institutes of learning. Funding split between the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities.
- $500 billion: Lending available through the Federal Reserve Municipal Liquidity Facility
- This funding is specifically provided to help state and local governments manage cash flow in order to better serve families and businesses.
Sources: The Families First Coronavirus Response Act, H.R. 6201, Public Law 116-127; The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, H.R. 748, Public Law 116-136; Bill Summaries, Ways and Means Republican Coronavirus Website, available here; and Summary of Emergency Funding, Senate Appropriations Committee (R), available here.
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